A review of PIP implant ruptures

Author(s): Dr S Gadde, Dr M Bydder

Hospital: The Nightingale Centre, Wythenshawe Hospital

Reference: RAD Magazine, 40, 466, 28


Poly Implant Prosthèses (PIP) breast implants were manufactured by a French company between 2001 and 2010. Concerns raised in March 2010 regarding the product ingredients, and a higher observed rate of implant rupture in comparison to the other third generation implants, resulted in cessation of their manufacture and subsequent company closure. The main concerns with PIP implants relate to the use of lower molecular weight industrial-grade silicone rather than the advocated medical-grade silicone, and also a variability in the thickness of the implant shell leading to increased permeability and rupture. Several studies since have demonstrated a significantly weaker mechanical strength of the PIP implant capsule, with some studies also suggesting possible in vivo implant capsule degradation over time.

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